Ubuntu is an operating system that was first released in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth, a South African businessman. This OS is a Debian-based Linux distribution, which is free and open source. Ubuntu has become the choice of many people because of its ease of installation and operation.
Ubuntu is an operating system managed and financed by a company called Canonical. If you are interested in using it, let’s see the full discussion first.
What is Ubuntu?
Before discussing more about what Ubuntu is, it’s good if you know the meaning behind the name. So, Ubuntu is a South African philosophy that says “sharing trust can connect all human beings”. Where, it is hoped that the Ubuntu operating system can also connect human interaction around the world.
Ubuntu is a favorite OS for many people considering how easy it is to install and use. Call it the desktop environment or the default version of the desktop environment called Unity. Unity has a search tool that is quite strong in searching for various applications or documents.
Apart from Unity, there is also a desktop environment for use, including KDE, XFCE, GNOME and MATE with other versions of Ubuntu such as Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu GNOME and Ubuntu MATE.
It hasn’t stopped there, Ubuntu is an OS that has a better security system in preventing malware than Windows. In fact, for all these advantages, Ubuntu is a free OS that does not require a license. Cool, right?
Apart from those mentioned above, there are still many types of Ubuntu for you to know. What are they? Here’s the list.
What is Ubuntu “Kubuntu”? Kubuntu is the default Ubuntu version of the K Desktop Environment (KDE) with a modern look. Kubuntu is intended for those of you who like to customize the desktop. Kubuntu is also supported by a variety of popular programs to help you manage your various needs.
Who can use Kubuntu? Anyone as long as the system RAM is above 2 GB. This RAM size allows you to use Kubuntu smoothly.
As the name implies, Ubuntu GNOME is an OS featuring the GNOME desktop environment. This OS has not released the latest version since 2017. To take advantage of Ubuntu Gnome, your device must have at least 4GB of RAM or more.
If Ubuntu GNOME requires a large RAM, then not with Lubuntu. Lubuntu can be used by anyone even if the RAM is under 1 GB. Lubuntu uses the lighter LXDE, therefore it is intended for smaller systems as well. Uniquely, Lubuntu has a similar appearance to Windows XP.
Xubuntu is the Ubuntu for the XFCE desktop environment which is the oldest desktop environment with basic customization features. If you are interested in trying, make sure your device’s RAM consists of 1 GB.
Ubuntu MATE is used on the MATE desktop environment. Different from other types, Ubuntu Mate presents a more traditional look.
Ubuntu Unity is the default version of Ubuntu which was finally replaced by GNOME in 2017. The appearance of Ubuntu Unity is good so there is no need to configure it.
Edubuntu stands for Education and Ubuntu, namely the GNOME version of Ubuntu intended for students or school children. If you use Edubuntu, you will automatically be presented with applications to educational games for students.
Ubuntu Kylin is Ubuntu specially made for users in China. So that its features are adapted to the needs of users in that country, complete with Mandarin.
The latest version of Ubuntu is Ubuntu Budgie, which uses Budgie on its desktop. Since it is the latest release, it’s no wonder that the desktop environment created by Solus Linux presents an elegant and modern appearance. From a UI perspective, it’s pretty good.
The advantage of Ubuntu Budgie is that it can provide notifications to users like MacOS and also the GNOME side launcher.
Mythbuntu is dedicated to MythTV. Ubuntu functions here as open source software for home theater PCs and multimedia.
If you need video, audio and graphics features, then Ubuntu Studio is the choice. Ubuntu Studio uses the XFCE desktop which is equipped directly with audio video tools. So, this Ubuntu function is perfect for your needs!
Advantages and Disadvantages of Ubuntu
Earlier you already understood what Ubuntu is and its several types. As we all know, Ubuntu is an operating system that can be downloaded for free. However, it’s incomplete if we don’t discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Ubuntu as a whole. Therefore, let’s look at the discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of Ubuntu below.
Advantages of the Ubuntu Operating System
Some of the advantages of Ubuntu are:
– Free and easy to use. Maybe you already know that Ubuntu is a free operating system. But did you know that this Linux operating system is very easy to use? Yup, after installing it, Linux can boot properly on the hardware without changing anything on the hard drive.
You can also freely customize the desktop appearance when using Ubuntu. Not only that, this OS is also supported by a satisfying User Interface (UI) so it doesn’t confuse users.
Finally, Ubuntu is an OS that provides many modern browsers, starting from Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and others.
– Safer. Do not forget too, Ubuntu is an OS that offers a stronger security system than other OS. So, you no longer need protection from antivirus.
Disadvantages of the Ubuntu Operating System
Everything certainly has its advantages and disadvantages, and Ubuntu is no exception. The disadvantages of Ubuntu are:
– Need adaptation to get used to using Ubuntu. If you’ve just moved from Windows to Ubuntu, it will take some time before you finally get used to its features.
The appearance of Ubuntu can indeed be customized to be similar to Windows, but the things in it, such as the tools or programs, are of course different.
– Limited application options. Earlier it was mentioned that Ubuntu is equipped with applications such as video or audio editors. Unfortunately, when compared with Windows, Ubuntu is still quite far behind.
Windows has many application options depending on device specifications, but Ubuntu only offers applications for certain focuses.
– Less suitable for gamers. If you are a gamer, then Ubuntu OS is not recommended because Ubuntu does not have support for gaming needs such as the DirectX series and the record feature found in Windows 10.
How to Install Ubuntu
So, after knowing the advantages and disadvantages of Ubuntu above, are you even more sure about installing Ubuntu OS? Even though there are some drawbacks, Ubuntu is a Linux distribution operating system that you should try.
This OS has advantages that will certainly benefit you. Call it can be downloaded for free, a strong level of security, so easy to use.
If you have made your choice on the following OS, let’s see how to install Ubuntu for your device.
1. Create a Live USB or DVD
First of all, the way to install Ubuntu is to download and create a USB or Live DVD. On Windows OS, one way to create a live USB is through the Universal USB Installer.
Insert the live USB or disc into the computer and restart the computer. While the computer is booting, press the F10 or F12 key (switch from computer to computer) to enter the boot menu. Then, press the boot option from USB or Removable Media.
Read also: How to Install and Configure maldet (Linux Malware Detect – LMD)
3. Installation (Installation)
Next, an option will appear to install Ubuntu or try Ubuntu. If you want to try it first, you can choose the try Ubuntu option. Then, you can find the install Ubuntu option on the desktop.
Next, you need to define the keyboard layout. You can choose the default Ubuntu layout. Not long after that, two installation options will appear, namely Normal Installation and Minimal Installation.
A normal installation allows you to install additional applications such as media players, games, web browsers, office software and utilities.
If your hard disk space is minimal, then just choose a minimal installation. You will still get additional software such as a web browser and basic utilities.
4. Prepare partitions
Next, how to install Ubuntu is to prepare a new partition. When the “Installation Type” appears, select the Something Else button.
5. Create root, swap, and home
How to install Ubuntu continues by making Root, Swap, and Home. Root has at least 15 GB of space to be comfortable with, because the bigger it is, the better it works.
6. Follow the instructions to complete
After you have successfully created the partition, you can continue how to install Ubuntu according to the instructions that appear on the screen starting from selecting the timezone, creating a new user, until the installation process is complete.