There are differences between static and dynamic electricity in electric currents. Electricity is the transfer of electrons from one atom to another. In other words, electricity is a charge consisting of a positive charge and a negative charge.
An object can be said to have electrical energy if it carries a difference in the amount of charge. In general, electricity can be divided into two types. Call it dynamic electricity and static electricity.
This is the Difference between Static and Dynamic Electricity
Static electricity is a charge in an electric current that is usually not moving. This is because there is a fairly limited current transfer flow system. Launch Wikipedia, static electricity is an imbalance of electric charge in or on its surface.
This phenomenon of static electricity generally occurs due to the absence of flow or displacement of electric current. Meanwhile, dynamic electricity is electricity that can move or flow.
The electric current is the flow of electric charge, usually through a conducting wire. The direction of the electric current is in the same direction as the direction of motion of the positive charge and the amount of electric charge. Here are some things that make the difference between the two electricity.
Static electric charges usually do not experience movement. In contrast to dynamic electricity which experiences movement or is known as an electric current.
Static electricity usually occurs due to friction between two materials. Meanwhile, dynamic electricity occurs due to the presence of different electric charges. The occurrence of electric current is unidirectional and opposite currents.
The difference between static and other dynamic electricity can be seen from the flow of electricity. The continuous movement of electrons occurs in dynamic electricity. Whereas in static electricity, this does not happen.
In dynamic electricity because of the electrons in the conductor it is very easy to move. Meanwhile, the transfer of electrons in static electricity due to friction does not flow continuously.
On static electricity measurement is quite difficult. Meanwhile, dynamic electricity is relatively easy to do in various measurements. As well as current, voltage, resistance, and electric power.
Dynamic electricity usually only occurs in conductors. Meanwhile, the function of the insulator is to prevent the user from getting an electric shock.
Static and Dynamic Electricity Equations
These two electricity actually have some similarities. Although there are significant differences in terms of understanding static and dynamic electricity, here are some similarities between the two electricity.
Both have a magnetic power that can attract. The occurrence of static and dynamic electricity is generally due to the transfer of the flow of electric charges on two objects that are connected to each other as intermediaries.
In static and dynamic electricity in general have atomic nuclei. It consists of protons or positively charged and electrons or negatively charged.
Static Electricity Example
The occurrence of lightning, electrical energy that comes from lightning arises because of the continuous movement of clouds. This causes friction between the two plates. Whether it’s a cloud plate with clouds and a cloud plate with earth.
Another example, there is a spark on a truck tire on the highway. This is due to friction between the truck tires and the road, resulting in a negative electric charge.
The difference between static and dynamic electricity can also be seen from the application of electricity. Static electricity on a plastic ruler rubbed with woolen cloth, then there is a transfer of negative charge from the woolen cloth to the plastic ruler.
Even when combing the hair, the hair will stand up on its own. It was in tandem with the movement of the comb. Then there is the tug of war on the hand and the balloon.
Especially when both are rubbed or rubbed. Friction of the hand against the balloon causes the two materials to be charged with static electricity. That’s because one of the materials lost electrons. In the end, it has a positive electric charge.
The next example is when you hold your hand close to a TV screen that has just turned off. The fur or hair that is on the hand becomes standing up.
Dynamic Electric Example
On a toy car with a battery it will automatically move when the battery is installed. That’s because the electric charge contained in the battery flows in the electric circuit.
Use the flashlight to turn on and glow. That’s because of the flow of electrons in it. Connection of several electrical equipment with a power source to be able to operate televisions, fans and other electrical equipment.
The difference between static and dynamic electricity can be seen from the electric charge in them. Although there are quite significant differences in terms of the meaning of the two, it turns out that they also have similarities.